Autism Interview Questions & Answers

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Autism Interview Questions & Answers

Are you passionate to work with little children? Do you have a strong desire to become a teacher? Are you capable enough to work with special children? Then log on to www.wisdomjobs.com. Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by troubles with social interaction and communication and by restricted and repetitive behaviors. Autism spectrum disorder impacts the nervous system and affects the overall cognitive, emotional, social and physical health of the affected individual. Autism makes it hard for kids to learn and communicate. Autism specialist is responsible for providing in-home support services to families and their children with autism. So, place yourself as autism specialist, autism centre assistant, autism technician, Para-educator autism, behaviour inventionist etc, by going through Autism job interview questions and answers listed below.

Autism Interview Questions

Autism Interview Questions
    1. Question 1. What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder?

      Answer :

      Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or autism is a lifelong disability considered the result of a neurological condition affecting normal brain function and development. People with autism often have impaired social interaction and communication skills and challenging behaviors. The common term of “autism” collectively represents a set of five closely related conditions that fall under the umbrella of Pervasive Developmental Disorders. These include autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, Rett syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorder-not otherwise specified (PPD-NOS) and child disintegrative disorder. There is no known cause or cure, nor one known single effective treatment.

    2. Question 2. Is Autism The Same Thing As Autism Spectrum Disorder Or Asd?

      Answer :

      Yes, autism is an umbrella term for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The common term of “autism” collectively represents a set of five closely related conditions that fall under the umbrella of Pervasive Developmental Disorders.

    3. Question 3. When Does Autism Usually Appear?

      Answer :

      Autism is a lifelong disability that typically appears during the first three years of life and can be diagnosed as early as 18 months of age.

      Parents should talk with their pediatrician and get their child screened for autism if:

      • They feel something might not “be right” with their child – 18 months or older.
      • Their child isn’t meeting developmental milestones as identified by their pediatrician.

      A basic rule for treating autism is the earlier the intervention, the better. Experts agree that early diagnosis and early intervention are critical because the earlier people with autism get help, the better the outcomes will be in the future. There is hope. People with autism at any age can make significant progress through therapy and treatments, growing to lead meaningful, productive lives.

    4. Question 4. Can Children Outgrow Autism?

      Answer :

      No, autism is a life-long developmental disability. Children do not outgrow autism, as they wouldn't outgrow cerebral palsy or mental retardation.

      However, that doesn't mean a child with autism cannot gain skills and make significant improvements. There are treatments available today to help families and individuals with autism  autism is treatable. We do know that with early diagnosis and a personalized, appropriate treatment plan, children with autism can grow up to lead meaningful, productive lives.

    5. Question 5. How Is Autism Diagnosed?

      Answer :

      Generally speaking, there is no one medical test for diagnosing autism. A team of professionals with expertise in autism (e.g. a developmental pediatrician, psychologist or psychiatrist, pediatric neurologist, occupational therapist, speech pathologist) will typically give a diagnosis of autism based on observation of an individual’s communication, behavior, and developmental levels.

      Medical tests may be incorporated to rule out other possible diagnoses. People with autism share many symptoms with individuals who have mental retardation, behavior or emotional disorders, problems with hearing, and even people with eccentric personalities. And some of these disabilities and symptoms can co-occur with an autism spectrum disorder. Nearly 70 percent of individuals with autism also have mental retardation.

      It’s very important for families to get an accurate diagnosis, as early in life as possible, because it gives the individual the best foundation for implementing a personalized and effective program for treatment. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends diagnosis as early as eighteen months of age.

    6. Question 6. What Tools Are Commonly Used To Screen And Diagnose For Autism?

      Answer :

      A diagnostic assessment for autism is usually completed by a multi-disciplinary team of professionals with expertise in autism. The Autism Diagnostic Scale Revised (ADOS-R) is currently considered one of the best diagnostic tools for autism. The Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) is also commonly used by professionals. A diagnostic assessment requires both direct observation and interviews of individuals who know the child.

      There are several good screening tools that can be used for early identification. These may include but aren’t limited to:

      • The Modified Checklist of Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT),
      • The Autism Screening Questionnaire (ASQ), and
      • The Screening Tool for Autism in Two-Year-Olds (STAT).

      These tools are used to screen young children for early behavioral deficits that may indicate autism. Markers include eye contact, orienting to one’s name, joint attention behaviors, pretend play, imitation, nonverbal communication and language development.

    7. Question 7. Is Autism A Contagious Disorder?

      Answer :

      No, autism is not an illness or a disease, and it is not contagious. Autism is a lifelong disability that effects normal brain functioning and development; impacts social interaction, communication skills, and behaviors.

    8. Question 8. What Causes Autism?

      Answer :

      There is no known cause or cure, nor one known single effective treatment for autism. However, a basic rule for treating autism is the earlier the intervention – or therapies – the better. Early diagnosis is critical.

      Coordinated structured services that take into account the “whole person” and the person’s family are most likely to promote increased skill development and success for the individual with autism. While other organizations research the cause and cure for autism, Easter Seals is providing services and therapy for people living with autism today. So, until there is a cure for autism – there’s Easter Seals.

    9. Question 9. How Widespread Is Autism?

      Answer :

      The numbers are staggering. We've seen a 200 percent increase in the number of children diagnosed with autism over the last ten years. Today, between one in every 150 children is diagnosed with autism making it more prevalent than Down syndrome, pediatric AIDS and childhood cancer.

    10. Question 10. How Many People Are Affected By Autism Today?

      Answer :

      Autism is the fastest growing developmental disability in the world today, increasing at a rate of 10-17 percent. In fact, 12-17 million Americans have a family member with autism.

      More stats, FYI:

      The autism community is large, and growing...

      • Autism is the fastest growing developmental disability in the world today, increasing at a rate of 10-17 percent.
      • Between one in every 150 to one in every 500 children is diagnosed with ASD.
      • More than 1.5 million Americans have autism.
      • Twelve to 17 million Americans have a family member with autism.
      • It is four times more prevalent in males than in females.
      • Autism knows no racial, ethnic or social boundaries.

      A growth comparison during the 1990s:

      • US population increase: 13%
      • Disabilities increase: 28.4%
      • Autism increase: 1,354%

      Families living with autism experience greater stress than those living with any other disability.

      The lack of “social reciprocity” is a significant contributor to families’ increased stress levels.

    11. Question 11. Why Are You Talking About Autism Today?

      Answer :

      Easter Seals believes autism is an epidemic of our time. More than a generation ago, Easter Seals was front and center during the polio epidemic, working tirelessly to help children and adults with polio gain the skills they needed to live independently. And now, we are the country’s leading provider of services for people with autism – providing help, hope and answers for families living with autism today.

      Over the last 20 years, Easter Seals has seen a dramatic increase in the number of people we serve who live with autism. Today, between one in every 166 and one and every 500 children is diagnosed with autism – that’s a new diagnosis every 20 minutes – making autism more prevalent than Down syndrome, childhood diabetes, and childhood cancer combined.

      And while the Combating Autism Act of 2006 calls for new funding for autism-related research, early detection and intervention, it’s a modest first step to help researchers and service providers better meet the needs of individuals living with autism, as well as work to help families receive early diagnosis and critical access to interventions.

      In general, research on autism is sparse, funding for research, therapy and services are inadequate, quality services especially for adults are limited, unemployment among adults with autism persists, and general knowledge and understanding gaps prevail. Easter Seals wants to help change all of this, to make a difference for families living with autism today.

    12. Question 12. Is The Autism Population Growing? Why?

      Answer :

      Yes, autism diagnosis is increasing at an alarming rate of 10-17 percent each year, although nobody really knows or understands why this is – yet.

    13. Question 13. How Many Children Are Diagnosed With Autism?

      Answer :

      Autism occurs in one in every 150 to one in every 500 births and is four times more prevalent in boys than girls.

    14. Question 14. Is Autism Treatable? If So, How Is It Treated?

      Answer :

      No two people living with autism are the same, therefore there is not just one set of therapies to treat all people with autism. There is no one known single effective treatment for autism.

      Most individuals with autism respond well to highly-structured, specialized instruction. An effective treatment program will build on the child’s interests, offer a predictable schedule, teacch tasks as a series of simple steps, actively engage the child’s attention in highly structured activities, and provide regular reinforcement of behavior.

      Today, Easter Seals is working across the country to provide help, hope and answers for families living with autism  delivering the personalized services and treatments necessary for individuals with autism today. So, until there’s a cure...there’s Easter Seals.

    15. Question 15. What Role Do Parents Play In The Diagnosis Of Autism?

      Answer :

      Parents are usually the first to notice unusual behaviors in their child or their child’s failure to reach appropriate developmental milestones. Some parents describe a child that seems different from birth, while others describe a child who was developing normally and then lost skills.

    16. Question 16. What Should Parents Do If They Think Their Child Has Autism?

      Answer :

      If parents are worried their child may have autism, they should follow their instincts, share their concerns with their pediatrician, get a diagnosis, and seek help from an organization like Easter Seals. Autism is a lifelong spectrum disorder that affects each individual differently and to varying degrees – getting the right help at the earliest stage of life can help a child gain the skills he or she needs to be successful.

      Generally, the first step for parents is to share their concerns with their pediatrician.

    17. Question 17. What Should Parents Do After They Learn Their Child Has Autism?

      Answer :

      Parents should find doctors, therapists, psychologists and teachers who understand and have experience with autism and can respond to the child’s shifting needs appropriately — they can find help with their search in one place with Easter Seals.

    18. Question 18. What Services For Autism Does Easter Seals Offer?

      Answer :

      Today, Easter Seals is working across the country to provide help, hope and answers for families living with autism today – delivering personalized services and treatments necessary for individuals with autism. We also advocate in Washington DC, encouraging Congress to finance research to improve services and supports for people with autism.

      We offer a comprehensive approach to support children and adults with autism. It is our mission to support individuals with autism in developing the necessary skills to have a productive life and create a supportive environment for the family as a whole.

      For example, Easter Seals provides early intervention and diagnosis for very young children with developmental delays and autism. And we all know how critical this is – because the earlier we can begin intervention, the better the outcomes for children and their families. We work with children with autism, supporting families to find an approach that deals with the whole child. We’re working with young adults – encouraging them to find meaningful employment and live independent lives. And, we have adults with autism in employment and structured day programs around the nation. 

    19. Question 19. How Do Parents Know Their Child Has An Autism Spectrum Disorder?

      Answer :

      Parents are usually the first to notice unusual behaviors in their child or their child’s failure to reach appropriate developmental milestones. Some parents describe a child that seems different from birth, while others describe a child who was developing normally and then lost skills.

      The most important thing for parents is to follow their instincts and seek out a diagnosis. Generally, the first step is for parents to share their concerns with their pediatrician.

    20. Question 20. What Are Some Characteristics Of Autism That Parents Might Observe?

      Answer :

      A few triggers that indicate a baby should be evaluated are:

      • Little or no eye-to-eye contact.
      • No big smiles or other warm, joyful expressions by six months or thereafter.
      • No back-and-forth sharing of sounds, smiles, or other facial expressions by nine months or thereafter.
      • No babbling by 12 months.
      • No back-and-forth gestures, such as pointing, showing, reaching, or waving by 12 months.
      • No words by 16 months.
      • No two-word meaningful phrases (without imitating or repeating) by age 24 months.
      • Any loss of speech or babbling or social skills at any age.

    21. Question 21. Is Autism Spectrum Disorder Curable And/or Can Children Outgrow It?

      Answer :

      There is no known cause or cure, nor one known single effective treatment for autism. Autism is a lifelong developmental disability. Children do not outgrow autism.

    22. Question 22. Is Autism Treatable? If So, Explain How.

      Answer :

      A basic rule for treating autism is the earlier the intervention, the better. An effective treatment program will build on the child’s strengths, offer a predictable schedule, teacch tasks as a series of simple steps, actively engage the child’s attention in highly structured activities, and provide regular reinforcement of behavior.

    23. Question 23. Do Parents Need To Participate In Autism Treatments?

      Answer :

      Parental and family involvement is pivotal for all children’s development. Children with autism benefit by having their families actively involved in their treatment. Parents are the life-long advocates and social partners for their children. Training parents as interventionists and treatment partners with the professionals leads to best-outcomes for children with autism.

    24. Question 24. Why Is Autism Called A “spectrum” Disorder?

      Answer :

      Autism is called a spectrum disorder because there is not just one type of autism. The common term of “autism” collectively represents a set of five closely related conditions that fall under the umbrella of Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Autism affects each person differently and in varying degrees.

    25. Question 25. Does Easter Seals Support The Use Of Drugs For Treatment Of Autism?

      Answer :

      There is no specific medication therapy for autism per se, but medications have been found to be effective in helping decrease symptoms and behaviors seen in some people with ASD.

    26. Question 26. What Are Side Effects To Medication Therapy?

      Answer :

      Medications used for people with autism have been found to be effective with individuals with similar symptoms. Medications require careful monitoring from a physician.

    27. Question 27. Are Autism Treatments Typically Covered By Insurance?

      Answer :

      There are a few select insurance companies that are covering some autism treatment. Typically insurance companies do not cover treatment for individuals with autism and families are left to bare the majority of expenses for care and treatment of their family member with autism.

    28. Question 28. When Are Kids Typically Diagnosed With Autism?

      Answer :

      Autism typically appears by age 3, but can be diagnosed as early as eighteen months of age. On the other hand, often children are misdiagnosed or not diagnosed until later in life, typically when they experience difficulties in school.

    29. Question 29. What Are Some Treatments Used For Those Living With Autism?

      Answer :

      Treatments used for people living with autism include: educational/instructional methodologies, biomedical treatment, and family support and service delivery models. 

    30. Question 30. What Is The P.l.a.y. Project?

      Answer :

      The P.L.A.Y. Project (also known as “Floor Time”) consists of play-based techniques designed to help families “woo” their child with autism out of isolation. The project trains and supports parents to provide intensive, one-on-one engagement at home.

      Easter Seals is currently partnering with the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) to learn more about applied therapies and best practices for individuals with autism through a research grant to study the P.L.A.Y. Project.

    31. Question 31. What Are Autism Spectrum Disorders?

      Answer :

      There are five disorders that fall under the Autism Spectrum Disorders umbrella and are defined by deficits in three core areas: social skills, communication, and restrictive and repetitive behaviors.

      They are:

      • Autistic Disorder – occurs in males four times more than females and involves moderate to severe disturbances in communication, socialization and behavior.
      • Asperger Syndrome - sometimes considered a milder form of autism, Asperger’s is typically diagnosed later in life than other disorders on the spectrum, person with Asperger syndrome usually function in the average to above average intelligence range and have no delays in language skills. Deficits appear most often in the areas of social skills, concentration and coordination.
      • Rett Syndrome – diagnosed primarily in females who exhibit typical development until approximately 18 months when children with Rett syndrome begin to regress, especially in terms of motor skills and loss of abilities in other areas. A key indicator of Rett syndrome is the appearance of repetitive meaningless movements or gestures.
      • Childhood Disintegrative Disorder – involves a clear regression in multiple areas of functioning including motor skills, bladder control and social skills following two years of normal development.
      • Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PPD-NOS)– includes children that do not fully meet the criteria for the other specific disorders or those that do not have the degree of impairment associated with those disorders.

    32. Question 32. How Is Easter Seals Involved In Helping People With Autism?

      Answer :

      Easter Seals’ focus is on providing effective treatment, therapy and public policy advocacy for the 1.5 million Americans and their families living with autism today. We’re unique as the leading provider of services and support for children and adults living with autism and their families across the country.

      Today, Easter Seals is working across the country to provide help, hope and answers for families living with autism today — delivering personalized services and treatments necessary for individuals with autism. We offer a comprehensive approach to help children and adults with autism develop the necessary skills to have a productive life and create a supportive environment for the family as a whole.

      For example, Easter Seals provides early intervention and diagnosis for very young children with developmental delays and autism. And we all know how critical this is – because the earlier we can provide intervention, the better the outcomes for children and their families.

      We work with children with autism, encouraging families to find an approach that deals with the whole child. We’re working with young adults – supporting them finding meaningful employment and living independent lives. And, we have adults with autism in employment and day programs around the nation.

    33. Question 33. Why Haven’t We Heard Of Easter Seals Providing Services For People With Autism Before?

      Answer :

      More than a generation ago, Easter Seals was front and center during the polio epidemic, working tirelessly to help children and adults with polio gain the skills they needed to live independently. And now, we are the country’s leading provider of services for people with autism – providing help, hope and answers for families living with autism today. We believe autism is an epidemic of our time.

    34. Question 34. How Long Has Easter Seals Been Helping People With Autism? Is This A New Area Of Service For You?

      Answer :

      Easter Seals has been providing support to children and adults living with disabilities, and to the families who love them for more than 85 years.

      Over the last 20 years, we’ve seen a dramatic increase in the number of people with autism we serve – both through our services that specifically target individuals with autism and our services that include individuals with autism among other service recipients with other types of disabilities.

    35. Question 35. What Role Does Easter Seals Play With Autism? Researching A Cure? A Cause?

      Answer :

      Today, Easter Seals is working across the country to provide help, hope and answers for families living with autism today — delivering personalized services and treatments necessary for individuals with autism. We offer a comprehensive approach to help children and adults with autism develop the necessary skills to have a safe and productive life and create a supportive environment for the family as a whole.

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