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SAS INFORMATS are used to read, or input data from external files known as Flat Files ASCII files, text files or sequential files). The informat will tell SAS on how to read data into SAS variables.
The %LOCAL that variable will be used only at the particular block only but in case of the %GLOBAL that variable will be used till the end of the SAS session.
SYMPUT puts the value from a dataset into a macro variable where as SYMGET gets the value from the macro variable to the dataset.
The SAS System offers users a number of useful system options to help debug macro issues and problems. The results associated with using macro options are automatically displayed on the SAS Log.
Specific options related to macro debugging appear in alphabetical order in the table below:
MEMRPT: Specifies that memory usage statistics be displayed on the SAS Log.
MERROR: SAS will
Every time we invoke SAS, the macro processor automatically creates certain macro var.
eg: &sysdate, &sysday.
CALL SYMPUT takes a value from a data step and assigns it to a macro variable. I can then use this macro variable in later steps. To assign a value to a single macro variable,
We use CALL SYMPUT with this general form:
CALL SYMPUT (“macro-variable-name”, value);
A macro variable defined in parentheses in a %MACRO statement is a macro parameter. Macro parameters allow you to pass information into a macro.
Here is a simple example:
%macro plot (yvar= ,xvar= ); proc plot; plot &yvar*&xvar; run; %mend plot; %plot(age,sex)
If we want use a program step for executing to execute the same Proc step on multiple data sets. We can accomplish repetitive tasks quickly and efficiently. A macro program can be reused many times. Parameters passed to the macro program customize the results without having to change the code within the macro program. Macros in SAS make a small change in the program and have SAS echo that change thought that program.
The end of the macro is defined by %Mend Statement.
with Ampersand (&) sign
32 characters long.
To run program successfully, and you have following basic elements:
There should be a semi-colon at the end of every line
A data statement that defines your data set
There should be at least one space between each word or statement
A run statement
For example: Infile ‘H: StatHWyourfilename.dat’;
The data types in SAS are Numeric and Character.
Proc glm performs simple and multiple regression, analysis of variance (ANOVAL), analysis of covariance, multivariate analysis of variance and repeated measure analysis of variance.
To display the contents of the SAS dataset, PROC print is used and also to assure that the data were read into SAS correctly. While, PROC CONTENTS display information about an SAS dataset.
The syntax of proc summary is same as that of proc means, it computes descriptive statistics on numeric variables in the SAS dataset.
SAS informats are placed in three categories:
PROC gplot has more options and can create more colorful and fancier graphics.
The difference between the NODUP and NODUPKEY is that, NODUP compares all the variables in our dataset while NODUPKEY compares just the BY variables.
Advanced SAS Related Tutorials
|SAS Programming Tutorial||R Programming language Tutorial|
Advanced SAS Related Interview Questions
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|Red Hat Linux System Administration Interview Questions||SAS Programming,SQL server Interview Questions|
|LINUX/UNIX/SOLARIS Interview Questions||R Programming language Interview Questions|
|SAS DI Interview Questions||Unix/Linux Interview Questions|
|Base Sas Interview Questions||SAS Macro Interview Questions|
Advanced SAS Related Practice Tests
|SAS Programming Practice Tests||Windows Administration Practice Tests|
|Red Hat Linux System Administration Practice Tests||SAS DI Practice Tests|
Input And Infile
Set, Merge, And Update
Table Lookup Tools
Proc Means And Proc Uimivariate
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