According to the 1948 Factories Act, Working hours in India should not be more than 48 hours a week and not more than 9 hours a day and 1948 Minimum Wages Act also states that working hours should not exceed 9 hours a day. Factories Act 1948 under section 59 declares that if a person works more than 9 hours then he/she should receive overtime wages twice of ordinary wages.
Indian Labour Law working hours states that a worker must complete 18 years and should work not more than 9 hours in a day and a spread over should not be more than 10-1/2 hours. There are different Acts for workers in different fields stating that after completion of legal working hours then he/she should take a rest of 12 hours and weeks rest should be 2 days. Some of the different Acts that mention minimum and maximum working hours in India are
1.1948 Factories Act – not more than 9 hours a day and 48 hours a week and overtime wage should be twice of ordinary wage.
2.1952 Mines Act under Section 28 to 30, should not work more than 10 hours a day including overtime.
3.1948 Minimum wages Act, under section 33 states that an employee can work 9 hours in any 12 hours shift and overtime pay should be twice, and under section 14 the employer should pay overtime on an hourly basis.
4.1966 Bidi & Cigar Workers Act, a total working period in a day should not exceed 10 hours and 54 hours a week including overtime.
5.Contract Labour Act 1970, a contractor should maintain a register in form XXIII to enter details of overtime along with the pay of an employee.
Average working hours in India, according to the Minimum wages Act should not exceed 12 hours a day including rest period and by the provision of 1948 Factories Act, persons in between ages of 15 – 18 should not work more than 4-1/2 hours and spread should not exceed 5 hours. Apprentice Act 1961 states that an apprentice should not work more than 8 hours a day and 40 hours a week.
Employee working hours in India are – Government offices 09:30 to 17:30 ( Monday-Friday) and Saturday till 14:00, Banks – 10:00 to 15:00 ( Monday to Friday and Saturdays till 13:00), and for stores 09:00 to 19:00 ( Monday to Saturday).
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